US Navy’s Drone Tanker Prototype Takes First Flight

By Marcus Weisgerber

September 20, 2019

A prototype aerial tanker — an unmanned one – took flight for the first time on Thursday, a key step toward an autonomous aircraft that can refuel fighter jets flying from aircraft carriers.

Boeing’s MQ-25 Stingray is slated to take its first flight at sea no earlier than 2022, and is scheduled to begin operations in 2024 — faster, if the U.S. Navy can find a way.

We keep looking for opportunities to accelerate,” Capt. Chad Reed, the Navy’s unmanned carrier aviation program manager, said on a Friday conference call with reporters.

Reed said that Adm. John Richardson, the chief of naval operations who retired last month, stressed the need to “get this capability out to the fight as soon as possible.”

During Thursday’s flight, the drone took off from MidAmerica Airport outside St. Louis and flew a programmed route for two hours, said Dave Bujold, Boeing’s MQ-25 program director. As engineers in a twin-engine turboprop followed along in the sky, the drone returned to the airport and landed.

My objective in the program for first flight was to have…a boring flight,” Bujold said on the call. “[T]he aircraft performed exceptionally well.”

A year ago, the Navy gave Boeing a contract to build four MQ-25 drones for carrier tests. The company had already built the prototype that flew on Thursday, so it was able to move smartly ahead with the development.

Engineers are gathering data about the drone, its engine, and electronics from the initial flight tests. The prototype will eventually fly with aerial refueling pods, although it will not actually pass fuel to another plane.

The prototype “lays the foundation for us to move quickly into development and test of the four [test] aircraft by enabling early learning and discovery in our major systems and software,” Reed said. “This type of testing and early learning is happening much sooner than is typical for a naval acquisition program.”

The MQ-25 effort wasn’t always proceeding so quickly. In 2017, the Navy declared it a “rapid acquisition program” with a target operating date of 2020. But then 2019 budget proposal pushed that proposed date back six years. Now, it appears, the program is back on its original track — with aspirations to accelerate.

By Marcus Weisgerber // Marcus Weisgerber is the global business editor for Defense One, where he writes about the intersection of business and national security. He has been covering defense and national security issues for more than a decade, previously as Pentagon correspondent for Defense News and chief editor of Inside the Air Force. He has reported from Afghanistan, the Middle East, Europe, and Asia, and often travels with the defense secretary and other senior military officials.

September 20, 2019