Space Force’s Projected Size Drifts Upward, Drawing Concern on Capitol Hill

By Marcus Weisgerber

March 20, 2019

Pentagon officials have often used the word “lean” when talking about the proposed Space Force, an effort to ease lawmakers’ concerns about creating more bureaucracy. But congressional aides being briefed by defense officials privately about the plan remain skeptical about the size of the proposed branch and the number of generals who will lead it.

Acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan — who has been guiding Pentagon efforts to streamline space efforts across the military — sought to alleviate those concerns during an appearance at the Center for Strategic and International Studies on Wednesday.

The feedback I’ve received is worry about adding or building bigger government,” Shanahan said. “That part has been universal and I don’t blame them. I think we all want the same thing. We want a lean and a very thoughtful use of resources.”

Shanahan said the Space Force would be between 15,000 and 20,000 people. That’s already an increase from last month, when defense officials sent a Space Force legislative proposal to lawmakers that talked about an estimated 15,000 civilian and military personnel.

Related: The US Air Force Has Won Control of the Space Force

Related: Legislative Hurdle Delays US Space Command Stand-Up

Related: Trump Officially Directs Pentagon to Create Space Force, Within Air Force

And the number of generals in the Space Force keeps coming up on Capitol Hill, according to a source with knowledge of the recent meetings between Pentagon officials and lawmakers’ aides. The legislative proposal foresees the new service led by at least two four-star generals: a chief of staff, who would be a member of the Joint Chiefs, and a vice chief of staff. In addition, the head of U.S. Space Command, a new space warfighting command that the Pentagon is standing up, would also be overseen by a four-star, presumably a Space Force officer.

Three more four-star generals are not going to make us stronger in space,” Rep. Adam Smith, D-Wash., chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, said on March 13 at a conference sponsored by McAleese and Associates and Credit Suisse.

As well, some staffers have questioned whether the Space Force chief of staff should be a member of member of the Joint Chiefs.

Staffers have also expressed concern about increased funding for the Space Force, the source said.

Shanahan said Wednesday that the Space Force “will have a budget the size of SOCOM,” referring to U.S. Special Operations Command, which has an annual budget of about $13.5 billion.

The Pentagon’s fiscal 2020 budget request, sent to Congress last week, calls for $72.4 million to stand up a Space Force headquarters staff of about 200 people at the Pentagon. In all, the Space Force is expected to cost about $2 billion in new funding over the next five years. The remaining funds are expected to be transferred into the Space Force budget from Air Force and other service coffers.

By Marcus Weisgerber // Marcus Weisgerber is the global business editor for Defense One, where he writes about the intersection of business and national security. He has been covering defense and national security issues for more than a decade, previously as Pentagon correspondent for Defense News and chief editor of Inside the Air Force. He has reported from Afghanistan, the Middle East, Europe, and Asia, and often travels with the defense secretary and other senior military officials.

March 20, 2019