12 courses for a cyber warfare curriculum
The core curriculum for advanced cyber warfare training should include 12 educational programs that would build the skills necessary for success in the offensive, defensive and intelligence collection areas in the military and intelligence communities and in many sectors of the defense industry.
Innovation and creativity require out-of-box thinking. That is what catches cyber defenders off guard and often makes the difference between a successful attack and failure. Given that observation, I was recently asked to think about what it would take for the Defense Department to fully integrate that characteristic into its cyber warriors.
First of all, out-of-box thinking runs counter to the traditional military mind-set that is created through current educational programs. Changing that mind-set will take time, and the only thing that can increase the rate of change is demonstrated success through the use of those characteristics.
Second, most cyber warfare training is highly focused on the technical aspects of cyberattacks, and that is a huge shortcoming. A broad background of understanding is needed that includes common operational user methods.
Third, we tend to view a cyberattack as an event. It is not. It is a multithreaded process that has internal recursive loops that incorporate operational feedback.
Using the three constructs above as a foundation, here are 12 programs that should be included in the core curriculum for advanced cyber warfare training.
1. Developing cyberattack strategy.
2. Identifying traditional and nontraditional points of attack.
3. Understanding the 43 current cyberattack vectors.
4. Working the cyberattack process.
5. Understanding tools and techniques supporting the attack process.
6. Using creativity and innovation in cyberattack design.
7. Understanding modular design of cyber weapons.
8. Knowing sources of cyberattack code for reuse and cloaking.
9. Target profiling and vulnerability announcement monitoring.
10. Social profiling of targets in support of social engineering.
11. Designing disinformation and misdirection in cyberattack code.
12. Designing counter cyber forensics in cyberattack code.
Those 12 courses would build the skills necessary for success in the offensive, defensive and intelligence collection areas in the military and intelligence communities and in many sectors of the defense industry.
However, education doesn’t stop there. The dynamics of the extended computer industry — including alternative devices — coupled with the rate of change we are seeing in cyberattack methods and techniques combine to make continuous education a necessity.
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