DARPA targets big data with graph processor effort

Chipmaker Intel Corp. and four others will develop a graph analytics processor to help find relationships in big data.

A new processor architecture tightly focused on data-intensive applications is advancing under a DOD effort that seeks to wrangle the exploding number of data types ranging from sensor information to video files.

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency unveiled the "graph analytics processor" initiative last summer and recently selected five contractors to begin development under a program called Hierarchical Identity Verify Exploit, or HIVE.

HIVE developers include chip giant Intel Corp. and Qualcomm Intelligent Solutions, integrator Northrop Grumman along with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Georgia Tech. Researchers at the Atlanta-based university have done early theoretical work on graph computing as a "crucial tool for processing big connected data."

The sheer volume of data and emerging data types are overwhelming current processor architectures widely based on Intel's dominant x86 architecture and graphics processors, or GPUs, from chipmakers like Nvidia Corp. So, DARPA is looking for more efficient ways to churn through the torrent of sensor and other so-called unstructured data.

The goal of the HIVE program, according to the DARPA program manager, Trung Tran, is developing a new data-handling platform for analyzing and making sense of huge data volumes. "Current single-chip CPU [and] GPU hardware cannot efficiently process large graphs in real time," Tran stressed. Overcoming current processor limitations requires large datacenters.

HIVE also seeks to move beyond the current hardware focus on "dense data" accessed sequentially by chip memory. In order to leverage what Tran called "sparse data" such as graphical models and decision trees, developers will adopt a random access approach to boost chip performance.

Graph processing is an emerging data analytics technology used for applications like cyber defense and critical infrastructure protection that require analyzing huge data sets in real time. The commercial market for graph databases has exploded over the last several years as data scientists leverage inherent performance advantages to uncover relationships within huge data sets.

Among the ways of querying all that data are approaches that discover how snippets of data may be connected. Graph analytics excels at detecting relationships within data. In a recent survey released by IBM, commercial users cited speed and performance as the top graph technology attributes. A dedicated graph analytics processor promises to extend those performance gains as traditional processor architectures run out of steam, DARPA officials noted.

"Although efficient implementations of specific graph applications exist, the behavior of full-spectrum graph computing remains unknown," Georgia Tech researchers noted in a paper delivered at the 2015 supercomputing conference. "To understand graph computing, we must consider multiple graph computation types, graph frameworks, data representations, and various data sources…."

Tran, the DARPA program manager, said he expects the processor effort to yield a hefty 1,000-fold improvement in big data processing efficiency. "This will enable relationships between events to be discovered as they unfold in the field rather than relying on forensic analysis in datacenters," he added during a briefing for contract bidders.

The projected HIVE processor would differ from current processors by employing parallel memory access along with standard parallel processing techniques. That approach is intended to move memory and computing resources closer to relevant data to uncover relationships. The upshot, Trans predicted, is "scalable, real-time graph analytics at the network edge."

The DARPA project also could leverage emerging memory architectures such as Intel's 3-D Xpoint non-volatile memory technology rolled out in commercial solid-state drives earlier this year.

Meanwhile, the combination of chip companies, a large DoD supplier and integrator along with university and government researchers is intended to "forge new R&D pathways that can deliver unprecedented levels of hardware specialization," noted William Chappell, director of DARPA's Microsystems Technology Office.

The mix of commercial and military players also is intended to strengthen the military electronics supply chain, Chappell added, as current hardware and software development struggles to keep pace with the rise of big data.

The concept phase of the HIVE program extends though next year, with initial prototyping beginning in fiscal 2019. Chip fabrication could begin as early as fiscal 2020, the agency said.

X
This website uses cookies to enhance user experience and to analyze performance and traffic on our website. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. Learn More / Do Not Sell My Personal Information
Accept Cookies
X
Cookie Preferences Cookie List

Do Not Sell My Personal Information

When you visit our website, we store cookies on your browser to collect information. The information collected might relate to you, your preferences or your device, and is mostly used to make the site work as you expect it to and to provide a more personalized web experience. However, you can choose not to allow certain types of cookies, which may impact your experience of the site and the services we are able to offer. Click on the different category headings to find out more and change our default settings according to your preference. You cannot opt-out of our First Party Strictly Necessary Cookies as they are deployed in order to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting the cookie banner and remembering your settings, to log into your account, to redirect you when you log out, etc.). For more information about the First and Third Party Cookies used please follow this link.

Allow All Cookies

Manage Consent Preferences

Strictly Necessary Cookies - Always Active

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Sale of Personal Data, Targeting & Social Media Cookies

Under the California Consumer Privacy Act, you have the right to opt-out of the sale of your personal information to third parties. These cookies collect information for analytics and to personalize your experience with targeted ads. You may exercise your right to opt out of the sale of personal information by using this toggle switch. If you opt out we will not be able to offer you personalised ads and will not hand over your personal information to any third parties. Additionally, you may contact our legal department for further clarification about your rights as a California consumer by using this Exercise My Rights link

If you have enabled privacy controls on your browser (such as a plugin), we have to take that as a valid request to opt-out. Therefore we would not be able to track your activity through the web. This may affect our ability to personalize ads according to your preferences.

Targeting cookies may be set through our site by our advertising partners. They may be used by those companies to build a profile of your interests and show you relevant adverts on other sites. They do not store directly personal information, but are based on uniquely identifying your browser and internet device. If you do not allow these cookies, you will experience less targeted advertising.

Social media cookies are set by a range of social media services that we have added to the site to enable you to share our content with your friends and networks. They are capable of tracking your browser across other sites and building up a profile of your interests. This may impact the content and messages you see on other websites you visit. If you do not allow these cookies you may not be able to use or see these sharing tools.

If you want to opt out of all of our lead reports and lists, please submit a privacy request at our Do Not Sell page.

Save Settings
Cookie Preferences Cookie List

Cookie List

A cookie is a small piece of data (text file) that a website – when visited by a user – asks your browser to store on your device in order to remember information about you, such as your language preference or login information. Those cookies are set by us and called first-party cookies. We also use third-party cookies – which are cookies from a domain different than the domain of the website you are visiting – for our advertising and marketing efforts. More specifically, we use cookies and other tracking technologies for the following purposes:

Strictly Necessary Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Functional Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Performance Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Sale of Personal Data

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.

Social Media Cookies

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.

Targeting Cookies

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.