Trump’s next NSA; Saudi attack mystery endures; A 41st airstrike on Somalia; What soldiers will carry in 2050; and just a bit more...

JUST IN: Robert O’Brien tapped as President Donald Trump’s fourth national security adviser. The president said in a Wednesday morning tweet that he has picked Robert C. O’Brien, currently serving as Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs at the State Department, to replace John Bolton as national security adviser. Defense One’s Katie Bo Williams has a bit more, here.

Meanwhile, the White House fired the general counsel of the Department of Homeland Security. John Mitnick became the latest DHS leader to be dismissed’s not yet clear. One anonymous White House source tells the New York Times that he was ousted by the White House general counsel’s office, and not presidential advisor Stephen Miller, “who has been a main force behind previous homeland security firings. But two other people briefed on the events disputed this account.”

Top DHS posts currently unfilled by permanent appointees include: Secretary, Deputy Secretary, General Counsel, Under Secretary for Management, Customs & Border Protection Commissioner, ICE Director, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Director, and FEMA Administrator. (ht Eric Columbus).

From Defense One

US Air Force to Shift Billions of Dollars to Network Its Weapons // Marcus Weisgerber: The clock is ticking on Gen. David Goldfein’s signature project.

The Saudi-Oil Attacks Aren’t Game-Changing. They Show How the Game Has Changed // C. Anthony Pfaff of the Army War College: International norms and laws on proxy warfare encourage bad behavior. It’s time to change that.

This Formula Predicts Soldier Firepower in 2050 // Patrick Tucker: Drawing trend lines across seven centuries suggests that tomorrow’s troops will rock some seriously heavy gear.

Key Republicans More Eager to Help Saudi Arabia Than Fight Iran // Katie Bo Williams: On Capitol Hill, a cautious reaction to attacks on two Saudi oil production facilities.

The US Military is Not, and Can Never Be, Afghanistan’s Police // Sarah Albrycht, military policeman: If we were 'almost a police force' in Afghanistan, we already would have won.

Everyone Is Getting Sucked Into the Iran Morass // Kathy Gilsinan, The Atlantic: The U.S. threatened Iran after an attack on a Saudi oil field sent global energy prices soaring, showing how the tensions affect literally everyone.

Welcome to this Wednesday edition of The D Brief from Bradley Peniston with Ben Watson. If you’re not a D Brief subscriber, sign up here. Happy 72nd birthday to the National Security Council, established on this day by the National Security Act of 1947.

U.S. officials insist Saturday’s Saudi refinery attack originated in Iran, despite lacking evidence (so far this morning) from some very expensive military equipment. That’s because the U.S. and Saudi militaries’ “elaborate air defense systems failed to detect the launch of launch of airstrikes aimed at Saudi Arabian oil facilities, allowing dozens of drones and missiles to hit their targets,” U.S. officials said on Tuesday, according to the Wall Street Journal

"I'm, like, 100 percent convinced," said Senate Homeland Security Committee Chairman Ron Johnson, R-Wisconsin, to reporters Tuesday after reading an intelligence report on the attacks, which involves apparently convincing data concerning “the origination point of the strikes,” according to NBC News

And anonymous U.S. officials say those attacks “originated from Iranian territory in the northern Persian Gulf…near Iran’s southern border with Iraq,” according to the Journal. NBC used slightly different language, referring to “a series of low-altitude cruise missiles fired from at least one location in the western region of the country.” And Reuters sort of combines the two to describe the origin point as “southwestern Iran.” 

Happening today at 10:30 a.m. EDT: Proof of an Iranian link? The Saudi Defense Ministry says it will present to the world “material evidence and Iranian weapons proving the Iranian regime’s involvement in the terrorist attack,” Reuters reports this morning.  

U.S. options under consideration at the White House: “a cyberattack or physical strike on Iranian oil facilities or Revolutionary Guard assets,” NBC News reported separately. There could also be “multilateral sanctions with allies against Iran,” but no one knows yet how that would look since the U.S. has been sanctioning the stuffing out of key Iranian leaders and organizations for months. 

CENTCOM has deployed a team of forensic specialists to Saudi Arabia, Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen. Joseph Dunford told reporters Tuesday from London. 

Amid the U.S. talk of escalation, it seems someone in the Pentagon is using the P-word. “U.S. military planners have revisited a long-identified list of potential Iranian targets that could constitute a proportional response,” NBC’s Josh Lederman, Courtney Kube and Carol E. Lee reported. “Those include a strike on Iran's Abadan oil refinery, one of the world's largest, or Kharg Island, Iran's biggest oil export facility… Other possibilities include hitting missile launch sites, bases or other assets belonging to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.”

What POTUS45 did Tuesday evening: Feuded with Sen. Lindsey Graham about the merits and perils of U.S. military restraint on Twitter. 

  • Graham: “The measured response by President @realDonaldTrump regarding the shooting down of an American drone was clearly seen by the Iranian regime as a sign of weakness.” 
  • Trump’s reply: “No Lindsey, it was a sign of strength that some people just don’t understand!”

Three questions amid the whodunit over Saturday’s Houthi-claimed attack: 

  1. Why isn’t anyone, say the Saudis, more deliberately and publicly targeting the Houthis with airstrikes across the group’s more comfortable turf in northwestern Yemen? One answer could be this from Dunford on Tuesday: “Without prejudging intelligence, this looked like a very complex, precise attack, not consistent with previous Houthi attacks.” 
  2. Is the Houthis’ control of the Yemeni cities of Sana’a and Sa’dah all but cemented at this point? 
  3. Or has Yemen become not only an unfortunate contemporary case study in the limits of air power, but also the quagmire of unprecedented proportions for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia that it seems from afar — something too awful to look closely at, despite U.S. Congressional efforts to curb the violence and atrocities? 

Those are not questions with neat answers; and there may only be one that’s worth entertaining. But no one seems to be talking about Yemen; only Iran.  

The U.S. Air Force, however, appeared to show Yemen as a possible place for U.S. troops in 2030, according to this slide shared on Twitter by Air Force Magazine’s Brian Everstine. It’s from Air Force Chief Gen. David Goldfein’s remarks Tuesday at the 2019 Air, Space & Cyber Conference going on this week at the National Harbor in Maryland. 

Granted, the map is just an image; still, it’s kind of notable that — as Everstine flagged — it “Looks like Afghanistan will still be going strong.” Djibouti was also pinned as a possible U.S. deployment location in that 2030 map. Hard to say if that’s good news for the military that the U.S. is training in Somalia today. Speaking of which… 

The U.S. military just carried out its 41st airstrike in Somalia this year. It happened Tuesday and, like 35 others in 2019, it targeted al-Shabaab fighters. According to U.S. Africa Command, the strike killed two of those Shabaab fighters northwest of Kismayo, in Lower Juba Province.

Wanna quickly review recent U.S. airstrikes in Somalia? The New York Times’ Charlie Savage has been tweeting AFRICOM airstrike releases from that conflict going back to at least January. 

Find all those strikes charted at FDD’s “Long War Journal,” here

And don’t miss our podcast from April on why the U.S. has escalated its war in Somalia over the past several months right here

Happening today at the Pentagon: a briefing on the ISIS war from Defeat-ISIS Task Force Director Chris Maier. It’s not going to be livestreamed; but for those who can make it to the Pentagon, it starts at 10:30 a.m. EDT.

Facebook took down more inauthentic accounts in Ukraine this week. But the company’s internal investigation that uncovered this? It also uncovered inauthentic accounts in Iraq, and which was focused largely on domestic matters and featured a bit of apparent identity theft, Facebook said in a statement Monday. 

About those Iraq accounts: They spanned “120 Facebook Pages, one Group, two Events and seven Instagram accounts.” The now-removed people “also impersonated other people and used their IDs to conceal their identity and attempt to avoid detection and removal.” 

One example FB provided featured an apparent effort to inflame tensions over the U.S. military’s “First Battle of Fallujah” in early 2004. Some of the now-removed accounts go back to at least 2016. And the Atlantic Council’s Digital Forensics Lab found some as old as five years. 

And the Ukrainian work was traced back to Pragmatico, which is a Ukrainian PR firm. According to DFL’s analysis, “this network appeared to be a systematic attempt at audience-building: the pages coordinated with one another to amplify the content of the multiple viral news aggregators… by coupling generic news and lifestyle content with hyper-local coverage.” A bit more from Facebook, here

And in case you missed China’s Hong Kong-linked social media work, Twitter and Facebook both recently suspended thousands of accounts they insist was “part of Chinese state-linked efforts to discredit protests in Hong Kong,” NPR reported Tuesday. After looking through many of those accounts, “telling details begin to paint a portrait of massive disinformation campaigns.” NPR has details, here.