What to expect in 2019; Patriots for Turkey; GD warns Canada, and lots more.

As we wrap up one year and look forward to the next, one story seems likely to dominate industry attention in the New Year: the defense budget, for all of the reasons you’ve read here in recent weeks. Budget caps return, Democrats control the House, and there’s a $100 billion spread between best guesses about the final topline for 2020.

But the budget’s far from the only story. Will Congress approve a Space Force? We still don’t know whether the Trump administration will propose a service that is within the Air Force or an independent stand alone one. Congress hasn’t shown much appetite for creating a new branch of the military for the first time since 1947, but one has to wonder: if Democrats offer to give Trump his Space Force, should they be forced to choose between that and, say, a border wall?

Boeing did not give the Air Force a single KC-46 tanker for Christmas. Maybe it will in January. Speaking of Boeing, lots of eyes will be watching its execution on all the big contracts it won in recent months: T-X trainer, MQ-25 drone and AW-139 helicopter.

Will the Pentagon continue pushing ahead rapidly with hypersonics and other new tech? With all of the investments made this year, perhaps we’ll see some successful tests conducted in 2019. Also, it wouldn’t hurt to learn a little more about the B-21 bomber.

This year was another huge one for mergers and acquisitions. Northrop Grumman closed on Orbital ATK, UTC closed on Rockwell Collins, and L3 announced it will merge with Harris. Will the wave continue in 2019?


You’ve reached the Defense One Global Business Brief by Marcus Weisgerber. This was supposed to be a year-in-review issue, but with so much happening right now, I’ve decided to bring you more on that in the first Global Business Brief of 2019. Send your tips, feedback, and Christmas wishlists to mweisgerber@defenseone.com or @MarcusReports. Check out the Global Business Brief archive here, and tell your friends to subscribe!

From Defense One

The Biggest Difference Between Inhofe and Smith? How Much Danger They Think the US Faces // Katie Bo Williams

The incoming SASC chair says "we live in the most dangerous world of my lifetime." His HASC counterpart calls that "simple paranoia."

US Army Narrows Search For Light Tank to Two Companies // Marcus Weisgerber

General Dynamics and BAE Systems will each build 12 prototypes of an up-to-40-ton armored vehicle.

Trump's Space Force Request Is Coming — But Final Form Remains Hazy // Marcus Weisgerber

Will his proposed space organization more resemble the Air Force or the Marines? Pence didn't say.

Programming note: No Global Business Brief next week, as much of Washington empties out for the Christmas holiday. What do you plan to do with your time off? I, for one, plan to read “I’m Keith Hernandez,” the memoir of the New York Mets first baseman and should-be Hall of Famer. Growing up in New York as a left-handed Little Leaguer, I idolized the 11-time Gold Glove winner. The book’s been on my nightstand for way too long, so let’s call it my pre-New Years resolution to read it.

Defense One Radio: Make sure you take a listen to my segment with Todd Harrison of the Center for Strategic and International Studies on our latest podcast, here.

Patriot Sale to Turkey Approved

About 14 hours before reports surfaced that the U.S. planning to withdraw its forces from Syria and President Trump tweeted that “we have defeated ISIS,” the State Department approved the a $3.5 billion sale of Patriot missile interceptors to Turkey. Raytheon and Lockheed Martin are the two contractors that would benefit most from the deal. “Turkey will use Patriot to improve its air and missile defense capability, defend its territorial integrity, and deter regional threats,” a department spokesman said Tuesday, in advance of the deal’s announcement. “The proposed sale will increase the defensive capabilities of the Turkish military to guard against hostile aggression and shield NATO Allies who might train and operate within Turkey's borders.” The announcement comes as Turkey, a NATO ally, presses ahead with plans to buy the Russia’s S-400, mobile missiles, much to the chagrin of U.S. officials.

Hawaii to Get Missile Defense Radar

Lockheed Martin will build a missile-tracking radar similar to the one it’s building in Alaska. It’ll be known as the Homeland Defense Radar-Hawaii. Its cost: $585 million. Here’s a rendering  — which looks straight out of Microsoft Flight Simulator 2000 — of the planned radar site in Oahu.

GD Plays Hardball With Canada

A company that rarely says much, General Dynamics rather loudly warned Canada what would happen if it cancels a $13 billion armored-vehicles deal between the company and Saudi Arabia. The vehicles are made in Canada. “We are engaged with the export permits to try and see if there is a way of no longer exporting these vehicles to Saudi Arabia,” Trudeau said on CTV. Here is the response from GD Land Systems — Canada: “We are continuing to execute our valid and binding contract. Were Canada to unilaterally terminate the contract, Canada would incur billions of dollars of liability to General Dynamics Land Systems–Canada. In addition, terminating the contract would have a significant negative impact on our highly skilled employees, our supply chain across Canada, and the Canadian defence sector broadly. We hope that we will be allowed to continue to keep building sophisticated, high-value equipment in Canada.”

What Ellen Lord Oversees

Recent congressional acquisition reforms have sent many weapons programs once overseen by the Office of the Secretary of Defense off to the individual service branches. But Ellen Lord, defense undersecretary for acquisition, technology and logistics, still oversees nine projects: the Army’s Integrated Air and Missile Defense, Navy’s Littoral Combat Ship and SSBN 826 Columbia-class submarine; Air Force’s Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle, OCX GPS control stations and the new VC-25B Air Force One; and joint projects including the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, Ballistic Missile Defense System and Chemical Demilitarization-Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives.

Bell Toutes Year of V-280 Flying Milestones

Offering a slick video of the V-280 making tight banks and spins, Bell says the half-helicopter/half-plane has accumulated nearly 85 hours in the air and some “180 rotor turn hours” (which we presume means hours the aircraft’s rotors were spinning, on the ground or in the air). The V-280 is competing for the Army’s Future Vertical Lift project against the Sikorsky/Boeing-made SB>1 Defiant, which still hasn’t taken to the skies.

Pentagon: Civilians are Cheaper than Contractors

That’s according to an internal Pentagon report obtained by D1 sister publication Government Executive. “Most jobs in the Defense Department are cheaper with civilian employees as compared to contractors, according to an internal Pentagon report, though the cost comparisons differ based on location, pay grade and job function,” GovExec’s Eric Katz writes. But it depends where the jobs are located. For instance, “civil service workers are most likely to be less expensive than contractors performing the same work in the Washington, D.C., region and in the Southeastern United States,” but contractors are cheaper in places like Hawaii and Guam. In fiscal 2017, the Pentagon spent nearly $160 billion on service contracts. Read the whole story here.

How Much It Will Cost to Replace Every Air Force Plane?

About an average of $15 billion per year in the 2020s and $23 billion per year in the 2030s, according to a new report from the Congressional Budget Office, which is considered the government’s gold standard for spending estimates. By comparison, replacing planes one-for-one cost about $12 billion per year in the 1980s through 2017. (CBO uses consistent 2018 dollars for all these estimates.) Why this matters? The Air Force has about 5,600 aircraft, many of which need to be replaced sooner rather than later, like the F-15C, F-16, C-130 and B-1 bomber. And there’s the KC-135, T-38, UH-1 —you get the idea. “Replacement costs would be lower if the Air Force decided to extend the service life of some aircraft or if the costs of procuring some aircraft were lower than CBO projects,” the report says. “Replacement costs would be higher if the opposite occurred.”

Boeing’s Christmas Present to NATO

Finishing cockpit upgrades to the alliance’s 14 AWACS radar planes. “Upgrades include five full-color digital displays in each aircraft, replacing 1970’s-era dials and provides crewmembers with customizable engine, navigation and radar data,” the company said in a Dec. 18 statement. “These digital capabilities also allow NATO to consolidate crew responsibilities.” That prior line is an important one. As technology improves, crew sizes will likely shrink on big command-and-control and intelligence plane, making one ponder when these aircraft might be replaced by drones.

Planet To Acquire Boundless Spatial

Planet, the satellite imaging and analytics firm, is deepening its U.S. government business, announcing this week that it is acquiring Boundless Spatial, a St. Louis-based geospatial software company. Planet’s government team and Boundless will form a subsidiary called Planet Federal, the company said in a blog post. “Planet Federal will focus on our growing U.S. government business representing Planet’s commercial products for U.S. government requirements,” the company said. “Through this acquisition, we advance our long-term objectives to support and work more closely with the U.S. government as they increasingly look toward commercial products and services that are scalable, cost-effective and reliable.”

Making Moves

Paul Colonna has been appointed president and chief investment officer of Lockheed Martin Investment Management Company, which is “responsible for $70 billion in retirement trust assets and all facets of the investment strategy, portfolio management, manager selection, asset allocation, risk management, and due diligence for these trust assets.” Colonna succeeds Chris Li, who retired from the position earlier this year.

F. David Diaz has been appointed a non-resident fellow at the Stimson Center’s Conventional Defense Program. “His work will focus on the proliferation of conventional weapons to non-state actors, the effectiveness of interagency and international coordination, and defense and security policies and strategies.”

Farewell to a Pentagon Weapons Buyer

Jacques “Jack” Gansler, defense undersecretary for acquisition, technology, and logistics from 1997 to 2001, died on Dec. 4 from “complications of melanoma,” according to an obituary.