The head of Poland's Office of National Security, Jacek Siewiersk, left, and Polish government spokesman Piotr Muller speak to reporters after a crisis meeting of Siewiersk's office in Warsaw on November 15, 2022.

The head of Poland's Office of National Security, Jacek Siewiersk, left, and Polish government spokesman Piotr Muller speak to reporters after a crisis meeting of Siewiersk's office in Warsaw on November 15, 2022. JANEK SKARZYNSKI/AFP via Getty Images

Deadly ‘Projectile’ in Poland Raises Tensions As Russian Strikes Pound Ukraine

AP says Russian missiles killed two on NATO territory, but Pentagon declines to corroborate report.

Updated: 9:10 AM. ET.

Reports of a “projectile” landing inside Poland amid a heavy barrage of missile strikes on Ukraine are renewing concerns that Russia’s war could spread.

On Wednesday Polish President Andrzej Duda said that there was no indication the projectile hit was part of an intentional attack and that it was "highly probable" it was the result of Ukrainian air defenses attempting to intercept Russian missiles.

After Polish media reported “that two people died Tuesday afternoon after a projectile struck an area where grain was drying in Przewodów, a Polish village near the border with Ukraine,” the Associated Press reported that “a senior U.S. intelligence official” and “another person” said the projectile was actually a Russian missile. 

Russian officials denied it, and a Pentagon spokesman said Tuesday that he couldn’t corroborate or refute the report.

“We are aware of the press reports alleging that two Russian missiles have struck a location inside Poland near the Ukraine border. I can tell you that we don't have any information at this time to corroborate those reports and are looking into this further,” Defense Press Secretary Brig. Gen. Pat Ryder told reporters at the Pentagon.

Polish officials were holding an emergency meeting to discuss the situation, AP reported. A senior Polish Defense official did not immediately respond to requests for comment. 

President Joe Biden spoke with Poland's President Andrzej Duda, who "described Poland’s ongoing assessment of the explosion that took place in the eastern part of the country," a White House statement said. "President Biden offered full U.S support for and assistance with Poland’s investigation," the statement said. "The two leaders said that they and their teams should remain in close touch to determine appropriate next steps as the investigation proceeds."

Biden later met G-7 leaders in an emergency meeting on the sidelines of the Group of 20 nations summit in Bali, Indonesia. He told reporters after that meeting that there is "preliminary information that contests” the notion that the projectile was a Russian missile, the New York Times reported. “I don’t want to say that until we completely investigate. But it is unlikely, in the minds of the trajectory, that it was fired from Russia.”

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said on Twitter: “NATO is monitoring the situation and Allies are closely consulting. Important that all facts are established.” 

A Russian strike on the territory of a NATO ally could draw an Article 5 collective military response from the alliance. U.S. President Joe Biden has stressed that the United States would not hesitate to defend “every inch of NATO territory.” But officials and experts hastened to dampen the notion that the Polish incident might lead to that.

Shortly after the news broke on Tuesday, Ben Hodges, a retired U.S. Army general, who commanded U.S. Army Europe and now is a senior advisor to the group Human Rights First, sought to cool the waters. “There is no such thing as 'triggering' Article 5. It's not automatic,” Hodges tweeted. “There is no laser beam that opens a door like at a hotel or store if you walk thru it. Art 5 is a political decision. In this case, Art 4 Consultations seem appropriate, until we have more facts.”

Under Article 4 of the NATO Treaty, a member state could ask for a consultation from the NATO governing body. 

Online, some anecdotal reports indicate that the “projectile” may have been the result of Ukrainian S-300 air defense system shooting down Russian missiles, which heavily targeted Ukrainian energy infrastructure on Tuesday. 

“73 out of more than 90 CRUISE MISSILES shot down! As well as 10 enemy kamikaze drones!” Ukrainian Defense Secretary Oleksii Reznikov said on Twitter. 

The U.S. currently has about 10,000 personnel in Poland, including the operators of two Patriot missile batteries, a U.S. military official in Europe said. The official told Defense One that there had been no changes to alert status or force posture as a result of the incident. 

Sen. Mark Warner, D-Va., said in a statement, “As U.S. national security officials engage directly with Polish allies to confirm details about today’s events, the deaths of civilians following a reported Russian strike inside Poland underscore the disastrous and destabilizing effects of Putin’s unjust war. The United States has been clear in our continued support for Ukraine, as well as in our commitments to our NATO allies.”

In September, Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen. Mark Milley visited troops at an airbase in Poland close to the border to check on adequate force protection measures. “I don't think [the threat of Russia to U.S. troops in Poland] is any greater or less,” he said at the time. But added “maintaining high degrees of force protection and readiness is always incumbent upon us.”